Glory of Bharath  »  Bharatheeya Samskrithi
Yajur Vedic Upanishads - XXII

Rudrahrudaya Upanishad
The Rudra-Hridaya Upanishad is in the form of a dialogue between Sage Vyasa and his disciple and son, Sage Shuka. The Upanishad begins with an invocation to Mahadeva Rudra, followed by a question by Shuka to his father: "Who is the real God of Gods? In whom are all these existences established? By worshipping whom, can I please the Devas in whole?" To this question, Vyasa replies:

"sarvadevatmako rudrah sarve devah shivatmakah"

Rudra is the Self of all Devas; all Devas are merely different manifestations of Shiva Himself.

It is this statement that makes up the core of the Rudra-Hridaya Upanishad, and rest of the text is an elaboration of this very statement. The Upanishad essentially establishes that Shiva is All and in all. All of existence is but Shiva and His inseparable Shakti. He is Rudra, He is Vishnu, He is Brahm?, He is manifest, He is unmanifest, He is woman, He is man, He is Atman, He is Param?tman, He is all, and He is in all. The culmination of this teaching is found a set of beautiful mantras that is set in the very heart of the 'Heart of the Rudra' (Rudra-Hridaya), which explains that Shiva (Rudra) and Shakti (Um?) make up all that is known or to be known:
Rudra is Man. Um? is Woman.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Brahm?. Uma is Sarasvata.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Vishnu. Uma is Lakshma.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is the Sun. Uma is the Shadow.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is the Moon. Uma is the Stars.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is the Day. Uma is the Night.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Yaj˝a (sacrifice). Uma is Vedi (altar).
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Agni (fire). Uma is Svaha (oblation).
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Veda. Uma is Shastra.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Tree. Uma is Creeper.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Scent. Uma is Flower.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is Meaning. Uma is Word.
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.
Rudra is the Lingam. Uma is Pitha (base).
Prostrations to Him, Prostrations to Her.


The devotee should worship Sri Rudra and Uma with these mantras referred to above. With these hymns, you should meditate on the eternal Para-Brahman, which is beyond the reach of the senses, which is pure Existence, Consciousness and Bliss and which cannot be understood either by the speech or by the mind. After knowing this, there is nothing more to be known, because everything is the form of That, and there is nothing separate from That.

Rudra is the embodiment of all Devas. All devas are merely different manifestations of Sri Rudra Himself. On the right side of Rudra, there is the sun, then the four-headed Brahma, and then three Agnis (fires). On the left side, there exist Sri Umadevi, and also Vishnu and Soma (moon). Uma Herself is the form of Vishnu. Vishnu Himself is the form of the moon. Therefore, those who worship Lord Vishnu, worship Siva Himself. And those who worship Siva, worship Lord Vishnu in reality.

Siva Himself is Brahma and Brahma Himself is Agni. Rudra is full of Brahma and Vishnu. The whole world is full of Agni and Soma. The masculine gender is Lord Siva. The feminine gender is Sri Bhavani Devi. All the mobile and immobile creation of this universe, is filled up with Uma and Rudra. The Vyakta is Sri Uma, and the Avyakta is Lord Siva. The combination of Uma and Sankara is Vishnu. Hence everybody should prostrate to Sri Maha Vishnu with great devotion. He is the Atman. He is the Paramatman. He is the Antaratman. Brahma is the Antaratman. Siva is the Paramatman. Vishnu is the Eternal Atman of this entire universe. This whole creation of Svarga, Martya and Patala Lokas is a big tree. Vishnu is the top portion (branches) of this tree. Brahma is the stem. The root is Lord Siva. The effect is Vishnu. The action is Brahma. The cause is Siva. Rudra is Dharma. Vishnu is the world. Brahma is Knowledge. Do kirtan of His name, 'Rudra', 'Rudra'. By singing like this, the hallowed name of this great Lord, all your sins will be destroyed.

The devotee should worship Sri Rudra and Uma with the Mantras referred to above. O my son, Suka! With these hymns, you should meditate on the Eternal Para-Brahman, which is beyond the reach of the senses, which is pure Existence, knowledge and Bliss and which cannot be understood either by the speech or by the mind. After knowing this, there is nothing more to be known, because everything is the form of That, and there is nothing separate from That.

There are two Vidyas to be known. They are Para and Apara. Apara Vidya is the embodiment of the four Vedas and their six Angas. They do not deal with the Nature of the Atman. But the Para Vidya is called the Moksha-Sastra. It deals with that supreme philosophy of the Absolute Truth, un-understandable, impersonal, Nirguna, Nirakara, without ears, without eyes, without hands, without feet, eternal, omnipresent, imperishable, and knowable by the intelligent daring sages.

From that Lord Siva who performs a terrible penance in the form of Supreme Jnana-Marga, this whole world is created which is the food of the mortals. This world is Maya. It seems to appear just like a dream. It is superimposed on the Lord just like a rope on a serpent. This is the eternal Truth. There is no creation in reality. All is absolute. All is Truth. Knowing this, one is liberated at once.

Only through Jnana, you can get rid of this Samsara. Only through Jnana, you can understand this existence and never through Karma. Understand this through the guidance of a Brahmanishtha-Srotriya Guru. The Guru will give the disciple all the necessary knowledge of Brahman, the Absolute. By cutting off the bondage of Ajnana or Avidya, one should take refuge in Lord Sadasiva. This is the real wisdom to be understood by an aspirant seeking after Truth.

The Pranava is the bow. The Atman is the arrow. The Para-Brahman is the target. Just like the arrow, the Atman will become one with Brahman. But all these three, the bow, the arrow and the target are not different from that Sadasiva. There do not shine the bodies of the sun, moon or the stars. There does not blow the wind, there do not exist many Devatas. He, the One Lord only exists. He only, the Purity of purities, shines for ever and ever. There are two birds in this body, the Jiva and the Paramatman. The Jiva eats the fruit of his Karmas, but the Paramatman is untouched by anything. The Paramatman is only the Sakshi. He does not do anything. He only assumes the form of the Jiva through His Maya, just as the Akasa inside a pot seems to be different from the Akasa outside and assumes the form of the pot. In reality all is Siva, Advaita, and the One Absolute. There is no difference of whatever kind.

When all is understood to be One, Omkara, the Absolute, there is no sorrow, there is no Maya. Then the attainment of the Advaita-Paramananda is very easy. Think that you are the basis of this entire universe; you are the One, Kevala, Sat-Chit-Ghana. All people cannot understand this Truth. Those devoid of Maya can know this secret. After knowing this, the Atman does not move towards any place at any time. It becomes one with the Absolute, just like Ghatakasa with Paramakasa. Just as Akasa does not move anywhere, similarly this Atman does not have any movement. It becomes one with OM. One who knows this great secret Truth is the real Muni. He becomes the Para-Brahman Itself. He becomes Satchidananda. He attains permanent peace.


- October 11
- December 09













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